One of the most spectacular maneuvers in soccer is the chilena or bicycle kick. Executing a chilena requires great skill and concentration, and the player must keep good balance along the maneuver. An easy explanation of the kick is: the player’s faces the opposite direction he wants to throw the ball, does a backflip, when his body goes up in the air with the non-kick leg first and reaches maximum altitude with his back parallel to the ground, and the ball comes to him airborne, he makes a sudden scissor movement with the kicking leg to hit the ball, then he falls on his back while the ball travels in the desired direction. The chilena kick must be executed when other players are not nearby avoiding they can be endangered by the kick, or a fault will be called by the referee.
There is a big controversy about who was the first player to attempt this kick. According to the Uruguayan writer Eduardo Galeano, Ramon Unzaga invented the kick at the Chilean port Talcahuano. Even Galeano does not give a date for this historic kick, Talcahuano locals claim Unzaga invented this kick in 1914.
The German scientist expert on motion techniques Hermann Schwameder says: what you need is instinct, a lot of courage, and a bad cross to perform this kick. Klaus Fischer scored with the most famous bicycle kick in World Cup history to tie the 1982 semifinal between France and West Germany at 3 – 3 in extra time, agrees and says By and large, you have to say that every cross that leads to a bicycle kick goal is not a good cross. The legendary Brazilian Leonidas, well known for his elasticity —he was called the Rubber Man— claims he invented the chilena, since he first used it in 1932 for his team Bonsucesso. However, this episode happened more than a decade after Unzaga.
Europeans also claim the fatherhood of the chilena kick. Carlo Parola, the Juventus center back used the kick so often that in Italy he was called Signor Rovesciata (Mr. Reverse Kick) and Doug Ellis, the Aston Villa chairman, claimed he had invented this kick playing for Southport during World War II.